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swallowing disorders



swallowing disorders(dysphagia)It covers the problems experienced during the passage of food from the oral cavity to the stomach. These problems may be in the form of delay in the passage of the food to the stomach, obstruction or escaping into the windpipe by following the wrong path. If the food goes down to the level of the vocal cords, it is called "penetration", if it goes under the vocal cords, it is called "aspiration".


  • Long effort and time spent chewing and swallowing

  • Coughing or vomiting during or after eating or drinking

  • Wet, wheezing voice during or after eating or drinking

  • Food leaking out of the mouth, spilling or accumulating in the mouth

  • Shortness of breath or pneumonia after eating

  • Weight loss or development of dehydration



Improper dentures, missing teeth, decreased salivary flow, valve problems in the esophagus or stomach entrance, progressive neurological diseases such as paralysis, parkinsonism, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, Alzheimer's, dementia, presence of tracheostomy tube, immobile vocal cord, mouth, larynx or esophageal tumor and surgical operations applied to the head and neck region, radiotherapy or chemotherapy.

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