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(traumatic brain injury)



Aphasia, It is the partial or complete loss of skills such as speaking, understanding speech, naming, repeating, reading or writing as a result of damage to the speech centers in the brain. It occurs due to cerebrovascular diseases, brain hemorrhages, brain tumors, head trauma, infectious diseases.

It may also be accompanied by memory and attention disorders. After aphasia, a person's ability to plan, perform simple activities, solve problems, and make decisions may also be affected.  

A person with aphasia may have difficulties in determining where and how to start a job, and in establishing the necessary steps to fulfill that job.


Aphasia is mainly divided into two basic groups as “fluent” and “arrested”.

The main problem in fluent aphasia is the difficulty in understanding. In reclusive aphasia, the difficulty in understanding is in the background. The patient has difficulty in expressing himself, finding and saying the words he wants to say.

Many different types of aphasia have been identified under these two main headings. Auditory comprehension, speaking, naming, repetition, reading and writing skills were affected at different levels according to aphasia types.

What is the course of speech and language problems of individuals with aphasia?

It is not possible to talk about a standard rehabilitation process in aphasia, since the ailment affects each individual differently. The healing process and degree; It shows individual differences according to the location of the damage, its prevalence, severity, the patient's age, gender, education level, motivation and social environment, the type of aphasia, the causative condition, the duration of the event and the therapy received.

In addition, pre-disease intelligence level, communication skills, presence and degree of non-linguistic perceptual disorders, emotional balance before and after the disease are important for the effectiveness of treatment.

A positive personality and strong family support positively affect the course of the treatment process. Being young, female or left-handed are factors that increase the likelihood of recovery in patients with aphasia who receive treatment.

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